The Ministry of Culture, in cooperation with the Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs, organized a seminar entitled “The Signs of Stewardship in Immunizing the Family”, as part of the activities of Ramadan Book Fair in its second edition, which was held at the Darb Al-Saai headquarters in Umm Salal during the period from March 30 to April 5.
The Moroccan thinker and academic, Dr. Al-Bashir Essam Al-Marrakchi, the Professor of Islamic Sharia, and Dr. Shafi Al-Hajri, a Professor at the Faculty of Sharia, Qatar University, participated in the seminar.
Dr. Al-Bashir Essam Al-Marrakshi dealt with the concept of guardianship, explaining that it is the man’s right over the woman that God gave him according to the Almighty’s saying: “Men are in charge of women by [right of] what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend [for maintenance] from their wealth.” Surat Al-Nisa 34, indicating that what is meant by guardianship: is to take charge of women’s affairs, take care of them, and meet the demands of life, and newly means responsibility.
Al-Marrakshi stressed that guardianship does not mean oppression and tyranny of opinion, as it does not exceed that a man, by virtue of his basic burdens and responsibilities, and by virtue of his devotion to seeking, defending and spending on his family, has the last word after consulting the people of his household in what achieves the interest for him and his family, so it is an assignment that is not honorable. Its rule is dealing within the family in a way that achieves happiness for it within the limits of God’s law.
Hrae explained that the guardianship came in accordance with the noble verse for two things, one of which is a gift and the other is a gain, and he said: (because God preferred some of them over others) because of His preference, the Almighty, for men over women, with perfection of reason and good management, and more strength in deeds and obedience, and therefore they were singled out for prophecy, leadership, guardianship, and so on, and the second It is earning, and it is what is meant in the Almighty’s saying, “and for what they spent of their wealth” in terms of dowry and maintenance. He stated that guardianship is the responsibility to lead the family, as the man is more assertive and skilled in leadership, and the mind rules more than emotion, indicating that the word “some” mentioned in the holy verse means that some women may be more assertive and skilled than men.
For his part, Dr. Shafi Al-Hajri, a professor at the College of Sharia, Qatar University, said: Islam’s endorsement of guardianship came to preserve the family, which is the first building block of society and that it is like an institution that needs a leader, as the man is the captain of the ship as long as he does not deviate from the Sharia controls, because the marriage contract is a covenant based on the book of God, indicating that the claim that some are not at the level of guardianship, the response is that the person who does not adhere to the limits of God is not responsible for himself and his family.
Al-Hajri added that the family that relies on guardianship is based on the integration of tasks, as the wife has her job and her role, and the man has his role, stressing that the adoption of the rules of Sharia contributes to the stability of families. Whereas the Almighty God is one who established the laws of this family structure, stressing at the same time the rejection of destructive calls such as the secularization of women’s ideas by various means and the use of secular media as a means to destroy the entity of the Muslim family, He called for the concerted efforts of all institutions, from the family, to the mosque, to the school, to the university, so that the Muslim family returns to its pure and pure source, and from this standpoint we can eliminate many social ills in society.